Eye Muscles and Reading
Did you know that there are six muscles attached to each eye? And that these muscles control the movement of the eye? Often students who have reading problems struggle to read because these muscles are weak or not working correctly. Too often when this happens, parents and teachers think the student is struggling to read, but really the student is struggling with a physical problem that is affecting reading.
These students might see with double vision or have words that jumble together. They are often seen rubbing their eyes or have red eyes that water a lot. And by the end of a school day, these students are fatigued! Extra reading doesn’t serve to help these students. Can you imagine that you just ran a marathon and then had to come home and run some more? Certainly your muscles would be fatigued, and it would only cramp the muscles, injure them, and make them less efficient.
You will need a jumbo stick or a pencil. Put a sticker on it or place a colored dot on it. You will also need an eye patch. These can be purchased at pharmacies or at Wal-Mart or Target. If you can’t get an eye patch, a large wooden spoon will work.
Patch one of the student’s eyes, or have him/her cover it with the wooden spoon. Take the jumbo stick and hold it about 12 to 15 inches from the student’s unpatched eye. Slowly move the jumbo stick in smooth motions such as circles, lazy eights, back and forth, diagonals, or zig zags. Tell the student to follow the moving target with his/her eye. Watch the student’s eye. Is it moving smoothly or is it jumping and jerking? If it is not moving smoothly, chances are that the student’s eye muscles are weak.
After about fifteen to twenty movements (depending on how well your student can follow the target), have the student patch the other eye. Then repeat the process with the other eye.
That’s it. With consistency, those eye muscles strengthen and are soon able to track across a page since they are able to move correctly.